This day in history: March 29

Compiled by Claire Moylan, Features Editor

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1549 The first capital of Brazil, Salvador da Bahia, is founded.
1673 English King Charles II accepts the Test Act, which excludes Roman Catholics from public functions.
1795 Ludwig van Beethoven debuts as a pianist in Vienna.
1848 Due to an ice jam, Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours.
1852 Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 and women to work over 10 hours a day.
1867 Congress approves the building of Lincoln Memorial.
1901 Australia held its first federal elections.
1943 The U.S. begins to ration meat, butter and cheese during World War II.
1961 The 23rd Amendment to the Constitution is ratified.
1971 Charles Manson and three of his followers receive the death penalty for the 1969 murders of actress Sharon Tate and six others.
1973 The last U.S. troops leave South Vietnam, ending America’s direct military involvement in the Vietnam War.
1979 The Committee on Assassinations Report issued by U.S. House of Representatives stated the assassination of President John F. Kennedy resulted from a conspiracy.
1993 Clint Eastwood won his first Oscars for the movie “Unforgiven.”
1995 The U.S. House of Representatives rejects a constitutional amendment that would have limited terms to 12 years in U.S. Congress.
2010 In Japan, the Tokyo Skytree became the tallest structure in Japan at 1,109 feet.