This day in history: December 14

Compiled by Claire Moylan, Features Editor

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The following events occurred today throughout history:

644 – Muhammad’s companion Uthman ibn Affan is appointed third caliph of Islam.
1542 – Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father, James V, and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at six days old.
1799 – George Washington dies at age 67.
1819 – Alabama joins the Union as the 22nd state.
1900 – Professor Max Planck of Berlin University reveals his Quantum Theory.
1903 – Orville Wright makes the first attempt at powered flight.
1911 – Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole.
1918 – Women in Britain, over age 30, vote in a General Election for the first time.
1939 – The Soviet Union is dropped from the League of Nations.
1946 – The U.N. General Assembly votes to establish the United Nation’s headquarters in New York City.
1962 – The U.S. space probe Mariner II approaches Venus.
1984 – Howard Cosell retires from the NFL’s Monday Night Football.
1986 – The Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took off from California on the first nonstop flight around the world. The trip took nine days to complete.
1997 – Cuban President Fidel Castro declares Christmas an official holiday in preparation for Pope John Paul II’s visit to Cuba.
2006 – John McCain calls for more American troops to be deployed in Iraq to help control the violence.
2012 – A gunman attacks Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut and kills twenty-six people.