This day in history: October 31

Compiled by Claire Moylan, Features Editor

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1517 – Martin Luther nails his 95 Theses to the door of the church of Wittenberg in Germany.
1541 – Michelangelo Buonarroti finishes painting “The Last Judgement” in the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City
1795 – Poet John Keats is born in London, England.
1803 – Congress ratifies the Louisiana Purchase from Napoleon for $15 million.
1864 – Nevada becomes the 36th state.
1892 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
1922 – Benito Mussolini becomes the Italian prime minister.
1940 – The Battle of Britain ends and stops Germany from invading Britain.
1941 – Mount Rushmore is completed after 14 years of construction.
1950 – Earl Lloyd became the first African American to play in a National Basketball Association (NBA) game for the Washington Capitols.
1952 – The U.S. detonated its first hydrogen bomb.
1964 – The Berlin Wall opens for the second time allowing West Germans to see East Germans.
1961 – Peter Jackson, the director of The Lord of the Rings, is born.
1967 – Rapper Vanilla Ice (Robert Van Winkle) is born.
1999 – Leaders from the Roman Catholic Church and the Lutheran Church signed the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification.
2008 – Distribution Video Audio, Inc. shipped its final shipment of pre-recorded VHS tapes to stores.
2011 – The world population reaches 7 billion people.